Please answer the following discussions and add sub heading to separate each discussion post
Ruth Benedict develops a school of thought called, “Ethical Relativism.” What is it? What is the main argument? How does she use the terms “normal and abnormal” to prove her point? Lastly, can you give me an example in the current modern world where her point on “relativism” is clearly evident.
This week’s reading, “Existentialism and Human Emotion,” examined Jean-Paul Sartreâ€™s existentialist outlook on ethics. Sartre (1905-1980) was a French philosopher who stressed the significance of human freedom and questioned the role of external theories and causes in determining ethical decisions. In your Discussion Post for this week, make sure you do the following 3 things:
- Describe Sartreâ€™s conception of existentialist freedom
- Explain how the story of the undecided young man illustrates Sartreâ€™s views
- Critically assess Sartreâ€™s account of human freedom by giving a contemporary example that either confirms or challenges his views.
This week we are examining, â€œCARING: A FEMININE APPROACH TO ETHICSâ€ as articulated by Nel Noddings in chapter 21 of our textbook. After reading the text:
1. Find a current ethical issue (either in your own life or on the world stage that is going on right now) and
2. Evaluate Nel Nodding’s “Ethic of Care” as applied to this ethical issue. How would she respond? What is the difference between how men are apt to respond and how she says women are wired to respond and approach the issue? What are the pros and cons of this difference? Is it fair to make this distinction? Is it helpful? Make sure you quote from our reading in giving your evaluation.
3. Finally, does she bring anything new or helpful to your own research for your final paper? Explain!
For those of you who missed the video or wish to see it again, here’s Emma Watson’s address to the United Nations on Feminism: https://youtu.be/c9SUAcNlVQ4
Robert Kane Essay â€œThrough The Moral Mazeâ€ and Luttio “The Future of Religion”
Robert Kane (make sure you cite the text when answering the following questions):
- What does Kane describe as the two “consequences” of the Tower of Babel regarding conflicting views on morality? Can you relate to these ideas in your own life? How?
- How does Kane use the story of C.S. Lewisâ€™ â€œPerelandraâ€ to depict the dilemma of â€œLoss of Moral Innocence?â€ Have you ever experienced this problem/dilemma in your own life? Can you give some examples?
- What does Kane propose, in the end, as a way forward through the â€œmoral mazeâ€ of our modern context? Explain his concept of â€œopenness” and relate it to the last chapter of our textbook “Religion and Morality.” What common theme/thread do you see?
- Read and/or Listen to one of the “linked” podcasts/transcripts in the page “Examples of Life-Changing Constructive Dialog” in our module this week, and reflect on how this applies to our reading this week by Robert Kane applies.